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Healthy Communication Doesn’t Include Justifying, Arguing, Defending, and Explaining

What is healthy communication? Sometimes it helps to identify what isn’t healthy communication. And this post will focus on justifying, arguing, defending yourself, and over-explaining — why they’re ineffective and unhealthy aspects of communication and how we can avoid them.


Are you familiar with the acronym JADE? It’s a reminder to not justify, argue, defend, and explain.

If you’re repeatedly drawn into conversations or arguments that seem to go nowhere, feel compelled to respond to accusations that you know are false, or feel like you have to justify your behavior or choices to a “difficult” family member, please read on to learn about JADE.

Unhealthy communication in codependent relationships

Codependent relationships often feel “stuck”. Unhealthy communication and relationship patterns get set and we seem to replay them over and over again even though they don’t work.

If you’re an adult child of an alcoholic (ACA) or grew up in a “dysfunctional” family, you probably witnessed ineffective (or even hurtful) communication patterns as a child that were characterized by arguing, blaming, denying, and dishonesty. Unfortunately, most of us tend to repeat the communication patterns we learned in childhood – the ones we’re familiar with and that we observed.

Codependent traits generally develop as a way to cope with trauma and often include high levels of shame (the feeling that we’re flawed and inadequate), low levels of self-esteem, difficulty trusting, wanting to please others and keep the peace, perfectionism, and wanting to feel in control.

These traits contribute to our compulsive need to take care of or “fix” other people’s problems, prove our worth, and please others. And our fears of being inadequate and rejected, lead us into destructive communication patterns in which we feel we must justify, argue, defend, and over-explain ourselves.

Practicing loving detachment is a healthier alternative.

JADE is an Al-Anon 12-step slogan that reminds us not to engage in justifying, arguing, defending, and explaining.


We feel like we have to justify our behavior and choices because it’s very painful for us, as codependents, to have others upset with us. The bottom line is you don’t owe anyone an explanation or reason for your choices. And if you do give one, people who are bullies or narcissists will try to use it against you. Don’t give them this ammunition.


In this context, arguing doesn’t just mean disagreeing (which is a normal part of a healthy relationship), it refers to yelling, name-calling, rehashing the same disagreements repeatedly without resolution, or blaming. This type of arguing doesn’t resolve problems or help you understand others better; it generally creates a bigger wedge between you and others.


When you feel attacked, it’s natural to want to defend yourself. And while I whole-heartedly believe in assertively standing up for yourself, you have to know who you’re dealing with.

Sometimes, verbal attacks are manipulations or ploys to get a rise out of you. They’re part of a recurring destructive pattern to draw you into an argument. Codependents tend to be sensitive and it’s especially hard for us to choose not to respond or defend ourselves.


We tend to over-explain ourselves because we’re afraid of upsetting others and we don’t feel it’s valid for us to make our own choices or do things for ourselves. Because we’re very afraid of rejection and criticism, we over-explain ourselves in order to prove that it’s acceptable for us to set boundaries, spend money on ourselves, or even make a mistake.

dandellion in field. text says JADE: Don't justify, argue, defend, or explain. Learn to communicate effectively and stop codependency and unhealthy communication

How to detach without justifying, arguing, denying, or explaining

Detaching can help you if you feel guilty when you set boundaries, get stuck in people-pleasing, or have a family member who bullies or pushes your buttons.

Detaching is a way of responding that allows you to focus on what you can control, take care of yourself, and let go of trying to control what others do or what they think of you.

Pick your battles

Recognize that you don’t have to attend every argument you’re invited to. In other words, you don’t have to participate; you don’t have to take the bait.

It helps to identify and be aware of how others push your buttons. What words or topics tend to set you off or compel you to justify, argue, defend or explain? Knowing this gives you the power to see these traps and learn to respond differently (or not at all).

Sometimes it helps to directly state, “I’m not interested in arguing with you” and either change the subject or walk away.

Respond rather than react

Before you say or do anything, take time to collect yourself and think about how you want to respond rather than just impulsively reacting in the same old ways. This takes a lot of practice, of course.

It can help to have something (perhaps a mantra or a small object in your pocket to ground you) to remind you of your goal to slow down and think before acting. Mentally rehearsing your desired response to antagonizers can also make it easier to respond differently in the heat of the moment.

Listen to your own feelings

Use your feelings to guide your decisions. When feelings of anger, resentment, fear, discomfort, or mistrust show up they are letting you know that something is off and you need to switch paths.

I think we all have a gut feeling about what’s right and what’s wrong for us; we just need to listen to it! If you’re not used to noticing your feelings, make time to purposefully ask yourself how you’re feeling throughout the day.

Also, remember that feelings can show up in your body. So, if your muscles are tense or your stomach is upset, it’s also a good time to check-in on your feelings.

Focus on what you can control

One of the keys to breaking codependent patterns and not justifying, arguing, defending, or explaining is to focus on your behavior and choices. We often get distracted by our desire to change and control others. This is not only futile, but it draws us away from what we can control – and controlling ourselves is where our power resides.

Take care of yourself

Tending to your basic needs (eating healthy food, drinking enough water, getting enough rest and sleep, exercising, connecting with positive people, processing your feelings and giving them a healthy outlet, practicing your religious or spiritual beliefs, etc.) can make a huge impact on your mood and energy.

It’s much easier to hold your tongue, leave the room, choose to do something different, set a boundary, or detach when you’re at your best physically and emotionally.

Learning to not justify, argue, defend, and explain (JADE) can bring more peace to your life. It also helps to break ineffective and hurtful communication patterns. Begin today by making a choice to respond in a different way and remind yourself that it’s OK to consider your own needs, set boundaries, and detach when necessary.

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©2021 Sharon Martin, LCSW. All rights reserved. Photos courtesy of

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Sharon Martin, DSW, LCSW is a psychotherapist and author specializing in codependency recovery. For the past 25 years, she’s been helping people-pleasers, perfectionists, and adult children overcome self-doubt and shame, embrace their imperfections, and set boundaries. Dr. Martin writes the popular blog Conquering Codependency for Psychology Today and is the author of The CBT Workbook for Perfectionism and The Better Boundaries Workbook.

1 thought on “Healthy Communication Doesn’t Include Justifying, Arguing, Defending, and Explaining”

  1. This concept is so appropriate for something I am going through right now. I found it while doing a search on healthy .justification. I do explain myself way too much, sometimes to orient a person to where I am coming from and I can see the difference when it comes to behavior and boundaries.

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